Coin Circulation in Cabyle During the Late Roman Period (Based on the Results from Archaeological Excavations in Sector V)
Keywords:Cabyle, Excavation Coins, Coin Circulation, Late Antiquity, 4th century AD
In 2014–2019, the excavations of Late Antique buildings in Sector V of the Archaeological Reserve “Thracian and Ancient City of Cabyle” were carried out. Although limited to 3 weeks per year, they provide sufficient information on the Late Antique structures. Two buildings have been recorded, together with their adjacent streets and water supply networks, dating from the first quarter of the 4th century to c. AD 376–378. The dating of the structures is based on the extensive numismatic material of more than 600 coins discovered during the excavations. Unfortunately, due to their poor preservation, half of them could not be identified. The present study concerns the remaining 336 coins, which allows for some observation and relevant conclusions. More than 30 coin types have been identified in the period from the end of the 3rd century to the reign of Emperor Valens (364–378). Three peaks in the accumulation of coins could be distinguished clearly. The first falls in the years AD 311–324, with the largest number of coins of Licinius. The second peak coincides with the last years of the reign of Constantine the Great until the early 340s. The last peak is associated with the coinage of the FEL TEMP REPARATIO type of Emperor Constantius II and his co-rulers between AD 348–358.