Author Guidelines

Submission package
Papers should be submitted in digital form, the package consisting of three general parts – text, illustrations, list of illustrations. The textual part and the list of illustrations must be in Microsoft Word, OpenOffice, or RTF file format. The illustrations must be in *.tiff / *.jpg / *.ai, file format, in separate files with sequential numbers corresponding to the illustration number in the text, e. g. FamilyName_text.docx; FamilyName_Fig.captions.docx; FamilyName_Fig.01.tiff, FamilyName_Fig.02.tiff, etc.

Technical layout
All papers should be in English or Bulgarian, with a corresponding abstract in English. The length of each paper should not exceed 20 pages (ca. 9 000 words), footnotes and bibliography included.
The overall structure of the paper should begin with the title followed by the full names of the author(s), the institutional affiliation (if any, or city of residence), e-mail address of each author, abstract (up to 200 words), 3-5 key words, main text, and bibliography.


Please use the default line spacing setting for MS Word of 1.15 (or single line spacing if else) and font size of 12 pt. Please use Unicode fonts throughout (especially for Greek, Arabic, Turkish, or any special characters).

If your text requires it, you may use headings and subheadings. If needed to emphasize something use bold and italics. Use italic for all non-English words, phrases, and abbreviations. Please avoid using underlined unless it does not indicates links on websites. 

Dates and numbers

For dates please use Arabic numerals for centuries or millennia, raised (superscript) endings for abbreviated ordinal numbers, and capital letters without punctuation in the abbreviations BC (BCE) or AD (CE), e. g. 7th century BC.

For texts in Bulgarian language are valid the generally accepted standards and the rendering of the centuries/millennia with Roman numerals, e. g. III в. пр. Хр.

For decimal numbers including fractions use a full stop (period) as a separator, not a comma (0.3 cm, not 0,3 cm).

In-text references
All references and explanations should be placed as in-text citations according to the standard author-date (Name Year, page). The full bibliographic reference should be placed in a general list at the end of the text.
In the case of two authors, the citation reference includes both names, separated by a comma.
In the case of more than two authors, only the name of the first author is mentioned followed by the abbreviation “et al.”, while in the bibliographic list all authors should be pointed out, e.g.

(Dobrusky 1895, 103; Герасимов 1934, 467; Ponting, Butcher 2005; Reimers et al. 1977).

In-text references to classical authors and titles of their works should conform to the list of abbreviations in the Oxford Classical Dictionary (, e.g. (Hom. Il. 2.844).

In-text references to published numismatic catalogues (e.g. BMC, SNG, etc.) should follow the common abbreviation standards without listing them in the bibliographic list.

Bibliographical list
All in-text citations of modern publications should be listed in a bibliographic list at the end of the text under the sub-heading “Bibliography”. The entries should be arranged alphabetically by author’s name and chronologically from older to newer for each author.
The bibliographic format is according to the accepted standard “BSS ISO 690:2011”, with the necessary modification corresponding to the specifics of the present academic issue (cf. examples below).

For contributors using bibliographic reference management software (e.g. Zotero, Endnote, etc.), please use Elsevier - Harvard (with titles) style with some modifications (see examples below).
Please do not transliterate publications in Cyrillic, Greek, or other non-Latin alphabet authors’ names, but group them correspondingly in the bibliographic list.
Titles of standard works and periodicals should be abbreviated according to the standards of Oxford Classical Dictionary, supplemented with other generally accepted bibliographic abbreviations in the numismatic literature.

Head, B. V., 1887. Historia numorum, a manual of Greek numismatics. Oxford.
Thompson, M., Kraay, C. M., Morkholm, O., 1973. An Inventory of Greek Coin Hoards. American Numismatic Society.

Book in a series
Schönert-Geiß, E., 1987. Die Münzprägung von Maroneia. (Griechisches Münzwerk. Schriften zur Geschichte und Kultur der Antike, 26). Akademie-Verlag.
Cammann, J. B., 1932. The symbols on staters of Corinthian type (a catalogue). (Numismatic notes & monographs, 53). The American Numismatic Society, New York.

Journal article
Dobrusky, V., 1895. Trouvaille de monnaies grecques en Bulgarie. Revue numismatique,103–106.
Reimers, P., Lutz, G. J., Segebade, C., 1977. The non-destructive determination of gold, silver and copper by photon activation analysis of coins and art objects. Archaeometry 19, 167-172.

Book chapter
Kraay, C. M., 1984. Greek coinage at war, in: Heckel, W., Sullivan, R., Kraay, C.M. (Eds.), Ancient Coins of the Graeco-Roman World: The Nickle Numismatic Papers. Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press, Waterloo, 1-19.
Gale, N. H., Gentner, W., Wagner, G. A., 1980. Mineralogical and geographical silver sources of archaic Greek coinage, in: Metcalf, D. M., Oddy, W. A. (Eds.), Metallurgy in Numismatics: V. 1, Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication. Royal Numismatic Society, London, 3-49.

Electronic editions
Ponting, M., Butcher, K., 2005. Analysis of Roman Silver coins, Augustus to the reform of Trajan (27 BC – AD 100). Archaeology Data Service. (accessed 20.11.2020).

The text may be accompanied by greyscale or colour illustrations (*.tiff, *.jpg; *.ai) in an appropriate image resolution (for raster formats not less than 300 dpi). The in-text reference to the illustration should be in parenthesis, to the corresponding number referred to with (Fig. ##), etc.
The size of the illustrations should not excise the page field of 16.3 х 23.4 cm.
It is warmly accepted to indicate the disposition of the illustration in the paper. Please indicate it on a separate line with the corresponding illustration number (Fig. ##).
The illustrations’ list – including all captions, sub-captions, credits, inventory numbers, etc. – should be in a separate file, entitled FamilyName_Fig.captions.docx